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Predicting non-diabetic renal disease in type 2 diabetic adults: The value of glycated hemoglobin.

Pallayova, Maria and Mohammed, Azharuddin and Langman, Gerald and Taheri, Shahrad and Dasgupta, Indranil (2014) Predicting non-diabetic renal disease in type 2 diabetic adults: The value of glycated hemoglobin. Journal of diabetes and its complications. ISSN 1873-460X. This article is accessible to all HEFT staff and students via NHS Evidence www.evidence.nhs.uk by using their HEFT Athens login IDs

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Official URL: http://www.jdcjournal.com/article/S1056-8727(14)00...

Abstract

AIMS

The indications for renal biopsy in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) are not well established. We investigated the prevalence, spectrum, and predictors of biopsy-proven non-diabetic renal disease (NDRD) in T2D.

METHODS

An observational, single-center, retrospective study of T2D adults who underwent renal biopsies (N=51) over 10years for nephrotic-range proteinuria, microscopic hematuria, or rapidly declining renal function.

RESULTS

Thirty-five (68.6%) biopsies were diagnostic of NDRD, and 16 (31.4%) revealed isolated diabetic nephropathy. The most common NDRDs were interstitial nephritis (20%), progressive crescentic glomerulonephritis (14%), membranous nephropathy (11%), and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (11%). The odds for NDRD declined by 97% in the presence of diabetic retinopathy (P<0.001). The deterioration of HbA1c during the year before biopsy predicted NDRD even after adjusting for diabetic retinopathy (OR, 7.65; 95% CI, 1.36-123.04; P=0.003). A model based on the interaction between the HbA1c values 12months before biopsy and the absolute change in these values during the preceding year predicted NDRD with 73.7% sensitivity and 75% specificity (AUC, 0.77; 95% CI, 0.59-0.94).

CONCLUSIONS

This study demonstrated a considerably high prevalence of NDRD in T2D adults undergoing renal biopsy. The absence of diabetic retinopathy, lower HbA1c values 12months before biopsy and greater deterioration in HbA1c prior to biopsy predicted NDRD in T2D. Further studies are needed to validate the findings.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is accessible to all HEFT staff and students via NHS Evidence www.evidence.nhs.uk by using their HEFT Athens login IDs
Subjects: WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Clinical Support > Pathology
Emergency Services > Renal
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Caroline Tranter
Date Deposited: 31 May 2015 07:28
Last Modified: 31 May 2015 07:28
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/947

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