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Current concepts in acute knee dislocation: the missed diagnosis?

McKee, Lesley and Ibrahim, Mazin S and Lawrence, Trevor and Pengas, Ioannis P and Khan, Wasim S (2014) Current concepts in acute knee dislocation: the missed diagnosis? The open orthopaedics journal, 8. pp. 162-7. ISSN 1874-3250.

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC411039...

Abstract

Traumatic knee dislocation is a serious and potentially limb threatening injury that can be easily missed if meticulous history and examination have not been employed. Neurovascular injuries are common in this condition, and due diligence should be given to their thorough evaluation at time of secondary survey so as to avoid complications such as ischaemia, compartment syndrome and eventual amputation. There is growing evidence in the literature that morbid obesity is associated with low energy knee dislocation, therefore this should be considered when assessing this cohort of patients presenting with an acute knee injury. Early operative intervention especially with multi ligaments involvement is the preferable strategy in the management of this acute injury. Controversy exists whether to reconstruct or repair damaged structures, and whether to adopt a one stage or two stage reconstruction of the cruciate ligaments. Early rehabilitation is important and essential to achieve satisfactory outcomes. This article is an evidence-based overview of this rare but devastating injury.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal. Orthopaedics
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Trauma and Orthopaedics
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Depositing User: Mr Philip O'Reilly
Date Deposited: 20 May 2015 15:48
Last Modified: 20 May 2015 15:48
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/931

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