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A case of airway obstruction secondary to acute haemorrhage into a benign thyroid cyst.

Vijapurapu, Ravi and Kaur, Kamal and Crooks, Neil H (2014) A case of airway obstruction secondary to acute haemorrhage into a benign thyroid cyst. Case reports in critical care, 2014. p. 372369. ISSN 2090-6420.

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Official URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC415816...

Abstract

A 70-year-old female, with a history of progressive dyspnoea, was admitted to the critical care unit after successful resuscitation following a witnessed, out of hospital cardiorespiratory arrest. A presumptive diagnosis of cardiorespiratory arrest secondary to an exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was made. However, on more detailed examination a large anterior, midline neck mass was noted. Following tracheal intubation, a computerised tomography scan of the patient's neck and thorax revealed a seven-centimetre, well-defined, nonenhancing, rounded homogeneous opacity at the thoracic inlet, consistent with a large midline thyroid cyst. Needle aspiration of the cyst was performed and yielded approximately 50 mL of frank blood. After an uncomplicated tracheal extubation and recovery, an elective subtotal thyroidectomy was performed prior to hospital discharge. Histology of the specimen revealed a benign thyroid cyst within a multinodular goitre. Euthyroid multinodular goitres are more likely to be managed conservatively due to an asymptomatic clinical course in most patients. However, the risk of respiratory distress and acute airway obstruction from tracheal compression or acute haemorrhage should be kept in mind. Patients at risk of this life threatening complication should be managed with elective thyroidectomy to reduce morbidity and mortality.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WO Surgery
WO Surgery > WO500 Anaesthesia
Divisions: Clinical Support > Anaesthetics
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Depositing User: Mr Philip O'Reilly
Date Deposited: 20 May 2015 14:59
Last Modified: 20 May 2015 14:59
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/925

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