HEFT Repository

Cobalt asthma in metalworkers from an automotive engine valve manufacturer.

Walters, G I and Robertson, A S and Moore, V C and Burge, P S (2014) Cobalt asthma in metalworkers from an automotive engine valve manufacturer. Occupational medicine (Oxford, England), 64 (5). pp. 358-64. ISSN 1471-8405.

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://occmed.oxfordjournals.org/content/64/5/358....

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Cobalt asthma has previously been described in cobalt production workers, diamond polishers and glassware manufacturers.

AIMS

To describe a case series of occupational asthma (OA) due to cobalt, identified at the Birmingham Heartlands Occupational Lung Disease Unit, West Midlands, UK.

METHODS

Cases of cobalt asthma from a West Midlands' manufacturer of automotive engine valves, diagnosed between 1996 and 2005, were identified from the SHIELD database of OA. Case note data on demographics, employment status, asthma symptoms and diagnostic tests, including spirometry, peak expiratory flow (PEF) measurements, skin prick testing (SPT) and specific inhalational challenge (SIC) tests to cobalt chloride, were gathered, and descriptive statistics used to illustrate the data.

RESULTS

The natural history of presentations has been described in detail, as well as a case study of one of the affected workers. Fourteen metalworkers (86% male; mean age 44.9 years) were diagnosed with cobalt asthma between 1996 and 2005. Workers were principally stellite grinders, stellite welders or machine setter-operators. All workers had positive Occupational Asthma SYStem analyses of serial PEF measurements, and sensitization to cobalt chloride was demonstrated in nine workers, by SPT or SIC.

CONCLUSIONS

We have described a series of 14 workers with cobalt asthma from the automotive manufacturing industry, with objective evidence for sensitization. Health care workers should remain vigilant for cobalt asthma in the automotive manufacturing industry.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W Public health. Health statistics. Occupational health. Health education
WF Respiratory system. Respiratory medicine
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Respiratory Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 30 Apr 2015 11:32
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2015 11:32
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/890

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item