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Management of paediatric tuberculosis in leading UK centres: unveiling consensus and discrepancies.

Turkova, A and Welch, S B and Paton, J Y and Riordan, A and Williams, B and Patel, S V and Clark, J E and Bernatoniene, J and Doerholt, K and Child, F and Walters, S and Riddell, A and Shingadia, D and Liebeschuetz, S and Kampmann, B (2014) Management of paediatric tuberculosis in leading UK centres: unveiling consensus and discrepancies. The international journal of tuberculosis and lung disease : the official journal of the International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 18 (9). pp. 1047-56. ISSN 1815-7920.

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Abstract

SETTING

Large specialist paediatric TB clinics in the UK.

OBJECTIVE

To evaluate clinical practice and compare with national and international guidelines.

DESIGN

A survey based on an electronic questionnaire on the management of latent tuberculous infection (LTBI) and tuberculosis (TB) disease was conducted in 13 specialist paediatric TB clinics. The consensus and discrepancies were evaluated by descriptive analysis.

RESULTS

Practice was reportedly different when choosing age limits for preventive treatment for TB contacts with initially negative tuberculin skin tests (TSTs), interpretation of TST results and use of interferon-gamma release assays (IGRAs) in the context of LTBI. In relation to management of children with TB disease, practices varied for duration of treatment of osteoarticular TB, monitoring for ethambutol ocular toxicity and use of pyridoxine. There was limited experience with multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), and over half of the clinics monitored MDR-TB contacts without giving preventive treatment.

CONCLUSIONS

The survey showed heterogeneity in several aspects of clinical care for children with TB. Available paediatric TB guidelines differ substantially, explaining the wide variations in management of childhood TB. Prospective paediatric studies are urgently required to inform and standardise clinical practice, especially in the context of evolving drug resistance.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WF Respiratory system. Respiratory medicine
WS Paediatrics. Child health
Divisions: Womens and Childrens > Paediatrics
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2015 13:12
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2015 13:12
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/855

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