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Obstructive sleep apnoea and diabetes: an update.

Tahrani, Abd A and Ali, Asad and Stevens, Martin J (2013) Obstructive sleep apnoea and diabetes: an update. Current opinion in pulmonary medicine, 19 (6). pp. 631-8. ISSN 1531-6971.

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Official URL: http://journals.lww.com/co-pulmonarymedicine/pages...

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW

The relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and dysglycaemia is well established. However, uncertainty remains as to the extent that obesity mediates this relationship. The impact of OSA treatment on glucose metabolism and the consequences of having OSA in patients with diabetes is unclear. This review aims to summarize the latest evidence regarding the links between OSA and dysglycaemia.

RECENT FINDINGS

OSA is associated with insulin resistance in lean individuals and predicts insulin resistance worsening longitudinally. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) lowers insulin resistance in CPAP-compliant patients. OSA is associated with impaired β-cell function. In patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), the association between OSA and glycosylated haemoglobin (HbA1c) is related to nocturnal hypoxaemia. Apnoea hypopnoea index (AHI) during rapid eye movement (REM) (not non-REM) sleep is associated with HbA1c. In-laboratory, supervised CPAP improves glycaemia. OSA is associated with and predicts the progression of some diabetic vascular complications. Intensive lifestyle intervention in patients with T2D improves OSA independent of weight loss.

SUMMARY

OSA is associated with insulin resistance and β-cell dysfunction independent of obesity. OSA is associated with HbA1c and vascular complications in patients with T2D. CPAP might improve insulin resistance and glycaemic measures. Lifestyle intervention has a significant impact on AHI in patients with T2D.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Ambulatory Care > Diabetes
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Suganthi Vijayaganesh
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2014 14:38
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2014 14:38
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/694

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