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Prosthesis-free repair of pectus chest deformity.

Makarawo, T P and Steyn, R S and Naidu, B V (2011) Prosthesis-free repair of pectus chest deformity. The British journal of surgery, 98 (11). pp. 1660-5. ISSN 1365-2168. This article is accessible to all HEFT staff and students via NHS Evidence www.evidence.nhs.uk by using their HEFT Athens login IDs

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bjs.759...

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Modified Ravitch and Nuss procedures use a metal bar to repair pectus chest deformity; an additional procedure is required to remove the bar. The aim of this study was to examine mid-term results of a novel technique that uses the patient's own chest wall muscles to stabilize the pectus repair aided by a posture-maintaining exercise regimen.

METHODS

Thirty-two consecutive patients with pectus deformity underwent pectus repair without prosthesis between 1999 and 2008. The median age of the group was 18 (95 per cent confidence interval (c.i.) 14 to 34) years. Median follow-up was 44 (7 to 108) months. Twenty patients had an excavatum and 12 a carinatum defect. Surgery was performed through a transverse incision raising pectoralis and rectus muscle flaps. The sternum was released to a neutral position and stabilized to the overlying muscle raphe closure. Patient satisfaction was assessed with a single-step questionnaire.

RESULTS

Median length of stay was 6 (95 per cent c.i. 4 to 7) days. Two patients returned to theatre for bleeding, two had a superficial wound infection and four developed a seroma. No patient had recurrence. There was a significant improvement in self-esteem (P < 0·001) and a high level of overall satisfaction (median score 72, 95 per cent c.i. 56 to 80).

CONCLUSION

This non-prosthetic pectus deformity repair was effective with low serious morbidity and high patient satisfaction without the inherent disadvantages of using a metal bar.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is accessible to all HEFT staff and students via NHS Evidence www.evidence.nhs.uk by using their HEFT Athens login IDs
Subjects: WO Surgery
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Thoracic Surgery
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Caroline Tranter
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2014 11:12
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2014 11:12
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/684

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