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DPP-4 inhibitors in clinical practice.

Palalau, Anna I and Tahrani, Abd A and Piya, Milan K and Barnett, Anthony H (2009) DPP-4 inhibitors in clinical practice. Postgraduate medicine, 121 (6). pp. 70-100. ISSN 1941-9260.

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Official URL: https://postgradmed.org/doi/10.3810/pgm.2009.11.20...

Abstract

Type 2 diabetes is a very common worldwide disorder, with major consequences for patients, society, and health care services. Good glycemic control is an important aspect of diabetes management because it has a significant impact on diabetes-related microvascular and possibly macrovascular complications. Based on our understanding of the pathogenesis of diabetes, multiple pharmacological interventions have been developed in the past 60 years. Although effective, none have had a lasting effect on glycemic control because of the progressive nature of type 2 diabetes requiring combination therapies and insulin treatment. In addition, several pharmacologic interventions have undesirable side effects, including hypoglycemia and weight gain. Drugs targeting the incretin pathway are the latest addition to the available antidiabetes agents. Incretin-based therapy is either delivered orally (dipeptidyl peptidase-4 [DPP-4]) inhibitors or injected subcutaneously (glucagon-like peptide-1 [GLP-1] mimetics and analogues). Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors are effective either as a single or combination therapy in lowering glycated hemoglobin, fasting and postprandial glucose levels, with a low incidence of hypoglycemia and no weight gain. There are 3 DPP-4 inhibitors currently available (sitagliptin, saxagliptin, and vildagliptin), with more expected to be available in the future. In this article, we review the scientific background for incretin-based therapy and the available evidence regarding the role and efficacy of DPP-4 inhibitors in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Ambulatory Care > Diabetes
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Preeti Puligari
Date Deposited: 20 Aug 2014 12:03
Last Modified: 20 Aug 2014 12:03
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/544

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