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Does genotype predict response to treatment in children infected with hepatitis B perinatally?

Boxall, Elizabeth and Sira, Jaswant and Kaskar, Shamima and Workman, Judith and Kelly, Deirdre (2012) Does genotype predict response to treatment in children infected with hepatitis B perinatally? Journal of medical virology, 84 (10). pp. 1535-40. ISSN 1096-9071.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jmv.v84...

Abstract

HBV genotype may correlate with outcome and treatment response. Genotype has been compared with treatment response in children infected perinatally with hepatitis B following treatment with oral antiviral drugs (lamivudine or adefovir) or interferon (IFN) alone and with prednisolone priming (Pred/IFN). All children who took part in clinical trials in this unit since 1990 were included. Hepatitis B genotypes were determined by direct sequencing or using a commercial line probe assay (InnoLipa). Sixty-five children were included; 20 were treated with IFN; 19 with Pred/IFN; 22 with lamivudine and 7 with adefovir, some took part in more than one treatment study. 63 out of 65 children were clearly typed into single genotypes; 16, 7, 3, and 37 typing as A, B, C, and D respectively. The majority of South-Asian children had genotype D and European and Afro-Caribbean children were more likely to have genotype A. Treatment response (seroconversion from HBeAg to Anti-HBe) was better in children with genotypes A [n = 16] and D [n = 37] (55.5% and 48.7%), compared to those with B [n = 7] and C [n = 3] (12.5% and 0%) for all treatments. The response to interferon alone was better in children with genotype A compared to D (50% and 36%), but prednisolone priming improved the response so that there was no difference between genotypes A and D (66.7% and 70%). Assessment of genotype in children pre-treatment may provide a guide to potential response. The response to treatment by genotype should be evaluated in future clinical trials in children.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology. Immunology
Divisions: Clinical Support > Pathology
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Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2014 12:17
Last Modified: 11 Jul 2014 12:17
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/426

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