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Immunotherapy for treating metastatic colorectal cancer.

Boghossian, Shahe and Robinson, Stuart and Von Delwig, Alexei and Manas, Derek and White, Steve (2012) Immunotherapy for treating metastatic colorectal cancer. Surgical oncology, 21 (2). pp. 67-77. ISSN 0960-7404. Article accessible to HEFT staff and students through Clinical Key via HEFT Athens account

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Colorectal cancer remains one of the leading causes of death in the world. Surgery still remains the mainstay of treatment for primary and metastatic colorectal cancer. Immunotherapy used as an adjunct to surgery can play an important role in controlling the spread of tumour.

METHODS

The online databases PubMed, Medline, Scirus and Medscape Oncology were used to identify articles of relevance. Keywords included; "Immunotherapy", "Cellular Immunotherapy", "Metastatic Colorectal Cancer", "Monoclonal Antibody" "Tumour Vaccines" and "Adoptive Cell Therapy". The databases search was from the period of June 1995 until May 2010 inclusive.

RESULTS

Our understanding of tumour immunology has allowed the development of some successful therapies. Immunotherapy through the use of monoclonal antibodies is an effective adjunct to chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer. Other modalities that are in the stages of development are cellular and conjugated vaccines. However, these vaccines are being experimented in advanced stages of colorectal tumours.

CONCLUSION

Colorectal cancer vaccines are being developed for advanced stages of colorectal tumour. However, their use as an early adjunct could potentially limit the spread of tumour or even result in cure. Further trials are required to ensure the safety and efficacy of cellular vaccines against colorectal tumours to allow their use on patients early in their disease presentation.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Article accessible to HEFT staff and students through Clinical Key via HEFT Athens account
Subjects: QW Microbiology. Immunology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mr Philip O'Reilly
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2014 16:07
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2014 15:43
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/211

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