Early cannulation grafts for haemodialysis: An updated systematic review.

Al Shakarchi, Julien and Inston, Nicholas (2019) Early cannulation grafts for haemodialysis: An updated systematic review. The journal of vascular access, 20 (2). pp. 123-127. ISSN 1724-6032. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1129...

Abstract

PURPOSE

Early cannulation grafts are specifically designed for dialysis, whereas standard expanded polytetrafluoroethylene grafts were not. There is developing collective experience and literature available to allow the assessment of outcomes of these early cannulation grafts. The aim of this review was to review the evidence for both short- and long-term outcomes of early cannulation grafts.

METHODS

Using standardized searches of electronic databases in accordance with Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, the primary outcomes for this study were primary and secondary patency rates for early cannulation grafts for dialysis at 12 months and beyond. Secondary outcomes were timing of first cannulation, rates of access thrombosis, steal syndrome, pseudo-aneurysm and infection.

RESULTS

A total of 19 studies were identified and included. These were divided into different graft types. Flixene™, Avflo™, Acuseal™ and Vectra™ grafts all showed that early cannulation within 72 h is possible. Twelve-month pooled primary and secondary patency rates were 43.3% (95% confidence interval: 31.6-55.4) and 73.4% (95% confidence interval: 63-82.7) for the Flixene graft, 58.2% (95% confidence interval: 48-68.1) and 79.2% (95% confidence interval: 68-88.7) for the Avflo graft, 43.6% (95% confidence interval: 30.7-56.9) and 70.5% (95% confidence interval: 49.7-87.8) for the Acuseal graft and 63.7% (95% confidence interval: 53.4-73.4) and 85.8% (95% confidence interval: 82.9-88.4) for the Vectra graft. Data for outcome beyond 12 months were limited to the more recent studies.

CONCLUSION

This review confirms that early cannulation is not detrimental on the early outcome of early cannulation graft patencies. It has also shown that both Vectra and Avflo grafts have adequate long-term patencies. The data do not allow specific graft recommendations, as comparative trials would be required.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WJ Urogenital system. Urology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Renal
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Semanti Chakraborty
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2019 14:37
Last Modified: 29 Mar 2019 14:37
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/1978

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item