Hypoglycaemia is associated with increased risk of fractures in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cohort study.

Ntouva, Antiopi and Toulis, Konstantinos A and Keerthy, Deepikshana and Adderley, Nicola J and Hanif, Wasim and Thayakaran, Rasiah and Gokhale, Krishna and Thomas, G Neil and Khunti, Kamlesh and Tahrani, Abd A and Nirantharakumar, Krishnarajah (2019) Hypoglycaemia is associated with increased risk of fractures in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a cohort study. European journal of endocrinology, 180 (1). pp. 51-58. ISSN 1479-683X.

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Official URL: https://eje.bioscientifica.com/view/journals/eje/1...

Abstract

Objective Type 2 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of fracture. Any factor that incrementally increases this risk should be taken into account when individualising treatment. Hypoglycaemia is a common complication of antidiabetes medications and suggested as a risk factor for fractures; yet, its real-life clinical impact is unclear. Design A population-based, retrospective open cohort study using routinely collected data between 1st of January 1995 and 1st of May 2016 in The Health Improvement Network (THIN) database. Methods Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with documented hypoglycaemic events were compared to randomly matched patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus without documented hypoglycaemic events matched to exposed patients on age, sex, duration of diabetes and BMI. The primary outcome was any incident fracture. Secondary outcome was incident fragility (osteoporotic) fracture. Results A total of 41 163 patients with type 2 diabetes were included: 14 147 patients in the exposed cohort and 27 016 patients in the unexposed cohort. Patients with a documented hypoglycaemic event were significantly more likely to sustain any fracture compared to patients with no record of hypoglycaemic events: adjusted IRR = 1.20 (95% CI: 1.12-1.30; P < 0.0001). Patients who had a documented hypoglycaemic event were significantly more likely to suffer a fragility fracture compared to controls: adjusted IRR = 1.24 (95% CI: 1.13-1.37; P < 0.0001). Conclusions Hypoglycaemic events are a significant risk factor for fractures in patients with diabetes mellitus. This observation is clinically relevant when individualising targets for glycaemic control and selecting antidiabetic agents.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Ambulatory Care > Diabetes
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Depositing User: Jennifer Manders
Date Deposited: 12 Mar 2019 15:50
Last Modified: 12 Mar 2019 15:50
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/1909

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