Manipulation of lipid metabolism during normothermic machine perfusion: Effect of defatting therapies on donor liver functional recovery.

Boteon, Yuri L and Attard, Joseph and Boteon, Amanda Pcs and Wallace, Lorraine and Reynolds, Gary and Hubscher, Stefan and Mirza, Darius F and Mergental, Hynek and Bhogal, Ricky H and Afford, Simon C (2019) Manipulation of lipid metabolism during normothermic machine perfusion: Effect of defatting therapies on donor liver functional recovery. Liver transplantation : official publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society. ISSN 1527-6473. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Strategies to increase steatotic donor livers' utilisation are required to tackle the mortality on the transplant waiting list. We aimed to test the efficacy of pharmacological enhancement of the lipid metabolism of human livers during ex-situ normothermic machine perfusion to promote defatting and improve the functional recovery of the organs.

METHODS

Ten livers discarded because of steatosis were allocated to a defatting group that had the perfusate supplemented with a combination of drugs to enhance lipid metabolism or a control group that received perfusion fluid with vehicle only. Steatosis was assessed using tissue homogenate and histological analysis. Markers for lipid oxidation and solubilisation, oxidative injury, inflammation and biliary function were evaluated by ELISA, immunohistochemistry and in-gel protein detection.

RESULTS

Treatment reduced tissue triglycerides by 38% and macrovesicular steatosis by 40% over 6 hours. This effect was driven by increased solubilisation of triglycerides (p=0.04); and mitochondrial oxidation as assessed by increased ketogenesis (p=0.008) and adenosine triphosphate synthesis (p=0.01) associated with raised levels of the enzymes ACOX-1, CPT1A and acetyl-CoA synthetase. Concomitantly, defatted livers exhibited enhanced metabolic functional parameters such as urea production (p=0.03), lower vascular resistance, lower release of alanine aminotransferase (p=0.049) and higher bile production (p=0.008) with a higher bile pH (p=0.03). The treatment downregulated the expression of markers for oxidative injury, activation of immune cells (CD-14; CD-11b) and reduced the release of inflammatory cytokines in the perfusate (TNF-α; IL-1β).

CONCLUSION

Pharmacological enhancement of intracellular lipid metabolism during normothermic machine perfusion decreased the lipid content of human livers within 6 hours. It also improved the intracellular metabolic support to the organs leading to successful functional recovery and decreased expression of markers of reperfusion injury. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WI Digestive system. Gastroenterology
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Gastroentrology
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Depositing User: Miss Emily Johnson
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2019 11:35
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2019 11:35
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/1904

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