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Spontaneous adrenal hemorrhage. Report of two cases and review of pathogenesis, diagnosis and management.

Charalampakis, Vasileios and Stamatiou, Dimitrios and de Bree, Eelco and Christodoulakis, Manousos and Zoras, Odysseas (2018) Spontaneous adrenal hemorrhage. Report of two cases and review of pathogenesis, diagnosis and management. Journal of surgical case reports, 2018 (6). rjy129. ISSN 2042-8812.

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC60075...

Abstract

Adrenal hemorrhage represents a relatively rare condition, usually associated with meningococcal septicemia. It is an underestimated cause of acute decompensation, multiorgan failure and death, usually diagnosed post-mortem. Depending on its etiology adrenal hemorrhage is categorized as traumatic and non-traumatic. The technical advancement of imaging modalities, has made diagnosis and management more efficient. Assessment of hemodynamic stability, exclusion of a hormonal active adrenal tumor and assessment for adrenal insuffi¬ciency, are of cardinal importance. Angiographic embolization has contributed significantly in better outcomes as emergency laparotomy is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Hereby we present two cases of spontaneous adrenal hemorrhage associated with extensive retroperitoneal bleeding and hemodynamic instability. Both underwent angiography with one requiring embolization with favorable outcome. Investigation for exclusion of underlying adrenal tumor, adrenal insufficiency and follow-up imaging are presented in detail for both cases.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WO Surgery
Divisions: Planned IP Care > General Surgery
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mr Philip O'Reilly
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2018 10:48
Last Modified: 06 Jul 2018 10:48
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/1684

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