Malnutrition is associated with adverse postoperative outcome in patients undergoing elective colorectal cancer resections.

Seretis, Charalampos and Kaisari, Panagiota and Wanigasooriya, Kasun and Shariff, Umar and Youssef, Haney Malnutrition is associated with adverse postoperative outcome in patients undergoing elective colorectal cancer resections. Journal of B.U.ON. : official journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology, 23 (1). pp. 36-41. ISSN 1107-0625. This article is available to all HEFT staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their HEFT Athens login IDs

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Official URL: https://www.jbuon.com/pdfs/23-1/23-1-36-41.pdf

Abstract

PURPOSE

Malnutrition results in a significant increase in postoperative morbidity and mortality after abdominal surgery. Apart from the anthropometric assessments, malnutrition can be also assessed using laboratory scores, with the most widely used being Onodera's Prognostic Nutritional Index (PNI). The purpose of our study was to assess if the presence of malnutrition as calculated by the Onodera's PNI was associated with higher postoperative morbidity after elective colorectal cancer resection.

METHODS

We performed a retrospective analysis of our institutional database including the patients who underwent elective colorectal cancer resection over a 24-month period. PNI scores were calculated and correlated amongst other parameters, such as cancer stage, severity of postoperative complications, unplanned transfusion of blood products, need for unplanned level 2/3 care after surgery and overall length of hospitalization.

RESULTS

A total of 213 patients were included in this analysis, with 22.5% being classified as malnourished based on the preoperative PNI. Of note, PNI values were inversely associated with advanced-stage disease, severity of postoperative complications and unplanned intensive care unit (ICU) admission postoperatively. Also, malnourished patients had a statistically significant prolonged length of in-hospital stay. No difference in PNI scores was identified between groups requiring unplanned blood products' transfusions.

CONCLUSIONS

Preoperative malnutrition status as defined by PNI is associated with greater postoperative morbidity after elective surgery for colorectal cancer. Routine nutritional assessment and ad hoc nutritional support prior to surgery could contribute to an improvement of postoperative outcome after colorectal cancer resections.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all HEFT staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their HEFT Athens login IDs
Subjects: WI Digestive system. Gastroenterology
WO Surgery
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Gastroentrology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Caroline Tranter
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2018 13:10
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2018 13:10
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/1628

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