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Hepatitis C Virus Recurrence Occurs Earlier in Patients Receiving Donation After Circulatory Death Liver Transplant Grafts Compared With Those Receiving Donation After Brainstem Death Grafts.

Townsend, S A and Monga, M A and Nightingale, P and Mutimer, D and Elsharkawy, A M and Holt, A (2017) Hepatitis C Virus Recurrence Occurs Earlier in Patients Receiving Donation After Circulatory Death Liver Transplant Grafts Compared With Those Receiving Donation After Brainstem Death Grafts. Transplantation proceedings, 49 (9). pp. 2129-2134. ISSN 1873-2623. This article is available to all HEFT staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their HEFT Athens login IDs

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Official URL: http://www.transplantation-proceedings.org/article...

Abstract

INTRODUCTION

Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related cirrhosis remains the commonest indication for liver transplantation worldwide, yet few studies have investigated the impact of donation after circulatory death (DCD) graft use on HCV recurrence and patient outcomes. DCD grafts have augmented the limited donor organ pool and reduced wait-list mortality, although concerns regarding graft longevity and patient outcome persist.

METHODS

This was a single-center study of all HCV + adults who underwent DCD liver transplantation between 2004 and 2014. 44 HCV+ patients received DCD grafts, and were matched with 44 HCV+ recipients of donation after brainstem death (DBD) grafts, and their outcomes examined.

RESULTS

The groups were matched for age, sex, and presence of hepatocellular carcinoma; no significant differences were found between the group's donor or recipient characteristics. Paired and unpaired analysis demonstrated that HCV recurrence was more rapid in recipients of DCD organs compared with DBD grafts (408 vs 657 days; P = .006). There were no significant differences in graft survival, patient survival, or rates of biliary complications between the cohorts despite DCD donors being 10 years older on average than those used in other published experience.

CONCLUSIONS

In an era of highly effective direct acting antiviral therapy, rapid HCV recrudescence in grafts from DCD donors should not compromise long-term morbidity or mortality. In the context of rising wait-list mortality, it is prudent to use all available sources to expand the pool of donor organs, and our data support the practice of using extended-criteria DCD grafts based on donor age. Notwithstanding that, clinicians should be aware that HCV recrudescence is more rapid in DCD recipients, and early post-transplant anti-viral therapy is indicated to prevent graft injury.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all HEFT staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their HEFT Athens login IDs
Subjects: WC Communicabable diseases
WO Surgery
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Gastroentrology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Miss Emily Johnson
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2018 13:41
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2018 13:41
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/1530

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