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Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Production in Patients with Colorectal Cancer In Vitro.

Richardson, J J R and Hendrickse, Charles and Gao-Smith, F and Thickett, D R (2017) Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Production in Patients with Colorectal Cancer In Vitro. International journal of inflammation, 2017. p. 4915062. ISSN 2090-8040. This article is available to all HEFT staff and students via ASK HEFT Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c using their HEFT Athens Login.

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Official URL: https://www.hindawi.com/journals/iji/2017/4915062/

Abstract

PURPOSE

Neutrophil Extracellular Traps (NETs) are extracellular neutrophil derived DNA webs which have been implicated in cancer progression and in the development of metastases. NETs production in patients with colorectal cancer was investigated to elucidate their role and prognostic significance.

METHODS

Systemic neutrophils were isolated from consecutive patients with colorectal cancer and from age-matched healthy volunteers. Neutrophils were stimulated to produce NETs which were quantified by a measure of the fluorescence of the extracellular DNA. The impact of cancer location, tumour stage, and patient outcomes (complications, length of stay, and mortality) on NET production was investigated.

RESULTS

Quantification of NET formation was performed in patients with colorectal cancer (n = 45) and in well-matched healthy individuals (n = 20). Significant increases in NETs production in response to no stimulant (9,735 AFU versus 11347 AFU, p = 0.0209), IL-8 (8,644 AFU versus 11,915 AFU, p = 0.0032), and LPS (10,576 AFU versus 12,473 AFU, p = 0.0428) were identified in patients with colorectal cancer. A significant increase in NETs production in response to fMLP was detected in patients who developed significant postoperative complications (11,760 AFU versus 18,340 AFU, p = 0.0242) and who had a prolonged hospital recovery (9,008 AFU versus 12,530 AFU, p = 0.0476). An increase in NETs production was also observed in patients who died, but this did not reach statistical significance. Cancer location and tumour stage did not appear to affect preoperative NETs production.

CONCLUSIONS

Patients with colorectal cancer have significantly increased NETs production in vitro when compared to healthy volunteers, possibly implicating them in cancer development. Adverse patient outcomes were associated with increased preoperative NETs production, which highlights them as potential therapeutic targets.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all HEFT staff and students via ASK HEFT Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c using their HEFT Athens Login.
Subjects: QZ Pathology. Oncology
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Oncology and Clinical Haematology
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Depositing User: Mr Philip O'Reilly
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2017 16:35
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2017 16:35
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/1502

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