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Dysaesthetic penoscrotodynia may be a somatoform disorder: results from a two-centre retrospective case series.

Anyasodor, M C and Taylor, R E and Bewley, A and Goulding, J M R (2016) Dysaesthetic penoscrotodynia may be a somatoform disorder: results from a two-centre retrospective case series. Clinical and experimental dermatology, 41 (5). pp. 474-9. ISSN 1365-2230.

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ced.128...

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Dysaesthetic penoscrotodynia (DPSD) is a poorly understood disorder, in which men experience distressing symptoms such as burning pain in their genital skin. Drugs for neuropathic pain are often used, but with little success.

AIM

To review a series of patients with DPSD to highlight common themes and response to treatment.

METHODS

Ten consecutive patients with DPSD were identified from specialist male genital dermatology and psychodermatology clinics at two centres. Clinical details, including psychiatric history, were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with no previously diagnosed psychiatric illness completed either the Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)-7 scale and the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9 depression scale, or the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI).

RESULTS

Of the 10 patients, 9 had known or newly diagnosed psychopathology. All patients were offered psychodermatological treatment, of which 7 of 10 accepted. All of those who accepted psychodermatological treatment experienced an improvement in their genital symptoms. When post-treatment scores were collected, improvement in psychiatric symptoms accompanied improvement in genital symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS

Psychopathology is almost invariably present in individuals with DPSD, yet these patients rarely volunteer such information. DPSD is most likely to constitute a functional somatic symptom disorder, hence psychodermatological treatment is indicated for its management. This concept reflects a significant change in the approach to this condition.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WR Skin. Dermatology
Divisions: Ambulatory Care > Dermatology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Preeti Puligari
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2017 16:21
Last Modified: 03 Mar 2017 16:21
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/1245

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