HEFT Repository

Evolution of changes in cognitive function after the initiation of antiretroviral therapy.

Mora-Peris, Borja and Stevens, Elizabeth and Ferretti, Francesca and Underwood, Jonathan and Taylor, Stephen and Winston, Alan (2016) Evolution of changes in cognitive function after the initiation of antiretroviral therapy. AIDS research and therapy, 13. p. 20. ISSN 1742-6405.

[img]
Preview
Text (PDF file format)
Evolution of changes in cognitive function after the initiation of antiretroviral therapy.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

Download (774kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC48312...

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Cognitive function is reported to improve after the initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART). Data on the evolution of such changes are limited. We assessed the dynamics of changes in cognitive parameters, in HIV-positive subjects initiating cART.

METHODS

Cognitive function in seven domains was evaluated for HIV-infected patients without clinically significant cognitive impairment prior to the initiation of cART, and 24 and 48 weeks after. Cognitive scores were transformed using standardised z-scores according to the pooled baseline standard deviation. Global, speed, and accuracy composite z-scores were calculated with changes calculated using a paired t test.

RESULTS

In 14 subjects, change in global cognitive z-scores from baseline was by 0.08 at week 24 (p = 0.59) and 0.15 at week 48 (p = 0.43). Change in composite speed and accuracy z-scores from baseline at weeks 24/48 were 0.07/0.05 (p = 0.45/0.82) and 0.13/0.23 (p = 0.47/0.45), respectively. In two of the cognitive domains assessing speed (learning and monitoring time), a continued improvement from baseline to weeks 24 and 48 was observed (changes of 0.06-0.08 and 0.10-0.19, respectively), whereas in two domains (detection and identification) an initial improvement at week 24 (changes of -0.10 and 0.04 from baseline, respectively) was followed by a deterioration in score at week 48 (changes of -0.12 and -0.08 from baseline, respectively). None of these changes were statistically significant.

CONCLUSIONS

A trend for improvement in cognitive function was observed in naïve HIV-positive patients starting cART. The dynamics of this improvement differed both between cognitive domains and the time-points assessed.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WC Communicabable diseases
Divisions: Clinical Support > Infectious Diseases
Emergency Services > Therapies
Depositing User: Miss Adele Creak
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2017 12:48
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2017 12:48
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/1128

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item